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Parabolic Reflector Antennas - The Satellite Dish Antenna

 
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admin
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PostPosted: Fri Oct 21, 2011 5:43 pm    Post subject: Parabolic Reflector Antennas - The Satellite Dish Antenna Reply with quote

I put up a new youtube video on the famous Parabolic Reflector Antenna:

Available on the bottom of this page:
http://www.antenna-theory.com/antennas/reflectors/dish4.php

This video talks through the main points of reflector antennas, a little bit of design, and an introduction to geometric optics.

Let me know if you have any comments! Thanks

http://www.antenna-theory.com/antennas/reflectors/dish.php
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47777
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PostPosted: Sun Apr 22, 2012 1:54 pm    Post subject: Q-perfectly conducting dish. Reply with quote

hi.

Qote
Figure 5. The reflector is assumed to be perfectly conducting, so that the rays are completely reflected.
http://www.antenna-theory.com/antennas/reflectors/dish.php

Q ? why or how the antenna has back lobe ?
http://www.antenna-theory.com/antennas/reflectors/dish4.php


thanks.
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PostPosted: Mon Apr 23, 2012 4:15 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

No antenna can perfectly focus electromagnetic waves. The parabolic reflector antenna has almost all of the energy in front of the reflector (towards the main beam). However, the rear lobe is still there - although the radiation pattern is often decreased by about 60 dB (so a millionth of the power goes behind it) relative to the main lobe.

The idea of the feed horn reflecting all the energy of straight line rays is just a mental model. In reality, the waves will have some bend around objects (diffraction). In general, the energy that leaves (feed) horn antenna that hits the edge of the parabolic reflector will detract and radiate behind the antenna. While the horn antenna focuses most of the energy at the reflector, it will produce some energy that hits the edge and ends up directed towards the backward direction.

So yes, even if you assume the reflector is perfectly conducting, you will still have backward radiation.
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PostPosted: Mon Apr 23, 2012 10:19 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

thanks.
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