Fractional Bandwidth (FBW)
The fractional bandwidth of an antenna is a measure of how wideband the antenna is. If the antenna
operates at center frequency fc between lower frequency f1 and upper frequency f2
(where fc=(f1+f2)/2), then the fractional bandwidth FBW is given by:
The fractional bandwidth varies between 0 and 2, and is often quoted as a percentage (between 0% and 200%). The higher the percentage, the wider the bandwidth. Wideband antennas typically have a Fractional Bandwidth of 20% or more. Antennas with a FBW of greater than 50% are referred to as ultrawideband antennas.
