Cross Polarization

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Cross polarization (sometimes written X-pol, in antenna slang) is the polarization orthogonal to the polarization being discussed. For instance, if the fields from an antenna are meant to be horizontally polarized, the cross-polarization in this case is vertical polarization. If the polarization is Right Hand Circularly Polarized (RHCP), the cross-polarization is Left Hand Circularly Polarized (LHCP). See also Polarization.

This term arises because an antenna is never 100% polarized in a single mode (linear, circular, etc). Hence, two radiation patterns of an antenna are sometimes presented, the co-pol (or desired polarization component) radiation pattern and the cross-polarization radiation pattern.

The cross polarization may be specified for an antenna as a power level in negative dB, indicating how many decibels below the desired polarization's power level the x-pol power level is.

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