The Corner Reflector Antenna
To increase the
directivity
of an antenna, a fairly intuitive solution is to use a reflector. For example, if we start
with a wire antenna (lets say a
halfwave dipole antenna),
we could place a conductive sheet behind it to direct radiation in the forward direction.
To further increase the directivity, a corner reflector may be used, as shown
in Figure 1. The angle between the plates will be 90 degrees.
Figure 1. Geometry of Corner Reflector.
Figure 2. Equivalent sources in free space. Assume that the original antenna has an omnidirectional pattern given by . Then the radiation pattern (R) of the "equivalent set of radiators" of Figure 2 can be written as:
The above directly follows from Figure 2 and array theory (k is the wave number. The resulting pattern will have the same polarization as the original vertically polarized antenna. The directivity will be increased by 912 dB. The above equation gives the radiated fields in the region in front of the plates. Since we assumed the plates were infinite, the fields behind the plates are zero. The directivity will be the highest when d is a halfwavelength. Assuming the radiating element of Figure 1 is a short dipole with a pattern given by , the fields for this case are shown in Figure 3.
Figure 3. Polar and azimuth patterns of normalized radiation pattern.
